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The Costs of Production


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Joseph Farms, Inc. is a small firm in the agricultural industry. They have asked you to help them complete the limited data they have gathered in an effort to enable effective decision-making. Some work can be done using MS Excel but it must be copied to an MS Word file for the final submission of this assignment. To assist Joseph Farms, Inc., respond to the following:
Using MS Excel or a table in MS Word, complete Table-1 (Joseph Farms, Inc., Cost and Revenue Data).
Assume that the price is $165.
Assume the fixed costs are $125, at an output level of 1.
Assume that the data represents a firm in pure competition.
Show your calculations in summary form.

Explain the MC=MR Rule.  Describe the market structures to which this rule applies.
Create a chart to illustrate the data in Columns 9 and 10.
Describe the profit maximizing (or loss minimizing) output for this firm.  Explain why or why not there an economic profit?
Explain why a firm in pure competition is considered to be a “price taker.”

(Assignment continues below Table-1.)
Table-1:  Joseph Farms, Inc., Cost and Revenue Data
Column 1
Column 2
Column 3
Column 4
Column 5
Column 6
Column 7
Column 8
Column 9
Column 10
Column 11
Output
Level
Price per unit
Total Fixed Cost
Total Variable Cost
Total Cost
Average Fixed Cost
Average Variable Cost
Average Total Cost
Marginal
Cost
Marginal Revenue
Total Revenue
0
 
 
 $             –
 
 NA
 
 
 
1
 
 
 $    113.00
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2
 
 
 $    213.00
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3
 
 
 $    300.00
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4
 
 
 $    375.00
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5
 
 
 $    463.00
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6
 
 
 $    563.00
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7
 
 
 $    675.00
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
8
 
 
 $    813.00
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
9
 
 
 $    975.00
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
10
 
 
 $ 1,163.00
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Using the data in Table-1 (Joseph Farms, Inc., Cost and Revenue Data), complete Table-2 (Joseph Farms, Inc., Revenue/Profit/Loss Data). Show your calculations in summary form.
Using the completed data in Table-2 (Joseph Farms, Inc., Revenue/Profit/Loss Data), Identify the break even output level for this firm.
If this firm is in pure competition, at what output level would they operate? Show your calculations in summary form.

Table-2: Joseph Farms, Inc., Revenue/Profit/Loss Data
Output
Level
Price
Total Revenue
Profit or Loss
0
 
 
 
1
 
 
 
2
 
 
 
3
 
 
 
4
 
 
 
5
 
 
 
6
 
 
 
7
 
 
 
8
 
 
 
9
 
 
 
10
 
 
 
 
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