As a central feature of national research and development strategies, clinical effectiveness emphasizes the importance of rigorous experimental research in nursing (Gillibrand et al, 2002). Research in its broadest sense is an attempt to gain solutions to problems (Clark, 1987). More precisely, it is a collection of data in a rigorously controlled situation for the purpose of prediction or exploration. Nurses must be able to understand the accumulating quantities of research literature in order to apply the results to health promotion and care (Martin & Thompson, 2000).
Evidence-based practice has now become a key phase in nursing and is an issue that requires attention. In the United Kingdom, a recent National Health Service review identifies the need for research to address local clinical practice gaps, which are derived from patients’ needs and perspectives (Department of Health, 1999). Good, robust research is required in order to raise standards of nursing care. Close collaboration between research and practice is vital to the future success of nurs…
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