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Effects of Air Pollution on Physical and Mental Health Problem in Beijing, China

>Emission of harmful particles into the atmosphere has led to air pollution especially in urban centers which are characterized by rapid industrialization. Air pollution has posed an environmental health hazard for the human. It is worthwhile to note that the impact of the air pollution affects both physical and mental health of individuals living in regions exposed to air pollutants. Air pollution has continuously led to health problems for human beings in various ways such as inhalation of poisonous contaminants that often cause related respiratory complications because of toxic pollutants. The sections of this paper will seek to discuss the effects that come along with air pollution in physical health in the human environment. Moreover, the impact of air pollution on mental health problems resulting harmful emissions among residents of Beijing will also be discussed.

>The residents of Beijing have been posed to health hazard due to the ever-decreasing air quality that has been caused mainly by the human activities. The suspended materials taken into the body through inhaling can easily harm the nervous system. Suspended materials lower the oxygen concentrations in the body which result in inflammation of the lungs (Pope III et al., 1995 p. 670). The respiratory system is also put at risk of infection since the impurities are in tiny particles which may implant themselves on the walls. The throat, trachea and nose develop irritation with time and victims may experience strained breathing and coughing. The components get into the bloodstream and get to the brain by diffusion which consequently damages the brain tissues.

Carbon monoxide is a health hazard that has been associated with chronic diseases such as lung cancer. Carbon monoxide has increased in levels due to air pollution since the poisonous gasses are released into the atmosphere and remain as a cloud of small particles. Carbon monoxide gas is emitted during incomplete combustion of fossil fuels from the motor vehicles and factories (Pope 111 p. 611).  When high concentrations of carbon monoxide are inhaled into the lungs, they reduce the intake of oxygen by the hemoglobin in the blood and hence affect the cardiovascular system (Zhang et al., 2009 p. 21064). The low level of oxygen supplied to the body results in fatigue, dizziness, headaches and nausea even after doing small physical exercises. The long-term effect of inhaling…

 

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