Factors Influencing the Educational Performance of Males and Females in School and their Initial Destinations after Leaving School

With regard to males’ and females’ educational participation, performance and outcomes this Report asks when and how such differences become disadvantages. Gender becomes a significant factor when other factors, as outlined above, are considered, eg in relation to rural or low SES boys. Beyond Year 12, particularly for those not going on to complete a higher qualification, gender takes over as the major socio-demographic factor affecting young people’s labour market outcomes. A higher proportion of females do not enter the full-time labour market in spite of their higher school retention rate and their better average performance in most subjects in Year 12. In addition the Report indicates that Australian youth as a group is generally disadvantaged in the labour market

These affect students of both genders and can be summarised as follows:
• being locked into a traditional and narrow gender identity and peer group which
constrains rather than enables educational choice and flexibility;
• coming from circumstances which are characterised by such material disadvantages as
unemployment, low income and lack of access to resources and support;
• coming from a grouping which is culturally marginalised and stigmatised;
• suffering physical and mental under-nourishment and/or ill health or various forms of abuse, including substance abuse…




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